1) Is the practice of Chinese
prisoner organ transplantation moral?
morality and principles are words that involve an immense charge of
subjectivity. What is O.K. for me might not be for my neighbor who is native
from other country. I remember that when I was living in Venezuela, in the middle of the Lake of Maracaibo
(famous for its oil production), a small island was renamed Dog’s Island because of the quantity of animals that populated
it. The popular anecdote suggests that sailors from Asia
left dogs in the island to replenish food in their way back to their port of
origin. People from other countries have no remorse for eating meat of animals we
can not even imagine. Inconceivable for us. There is a level of rationality or,
I would say, convenience among members of our society that place us away from
those acts. It is our scale of values.
think that Kilgour-Matas Report, if accurate, reflects a flagrant violation of
human rights and, from my point of view, is condemnable and not moral. Nevertheless,
is important to acknowledge that based on the communist theory the individual’s
rights are of less concern than collective benefits. Thus, they might believe
that they are solving two problems. Government might say that they are
eliminating delinquency and political threats while saving the life of others.
The commercialization of these organs would then be acts of administrative corruption.
2) Would a contract for the sale of
one’s organ(s) be legal in the U.S.?
law, 1984 NOTA, prohibited selling human organs. On this point, I found a paper
written by Steve P. Calandrillo from the School
of Law of Univ. of Washington
[presented in the 2005 American Law & Economics Association Meetings] with
some interesting ideas that I endorse. “Since thousands die each year while
waiting for organs that never arrive, we must explore incentives that can
change this terrible outcome” “… if conscience dictates that living-donor organ
sales must never occur, it is incumbent upon society to focus on other methods
of incentivizing organ availability.”
markets,” which allow payment now for organs harvested only at death, can
overcome concerns regarding the risks and abuses posed by taking organs from